Eczema is  is a skin condition characterized by dry, itchy, irritated, red and inflamed skin. It can affect anyone at any age, and it’s cause is yet to be understood by scientists and dermatologists. It can be triggered by a variety of factors like weather, food, certain cloth, dust, and much more.

Eczema symptoms, which commonly include skin dryness and itchiness, affect about roughly one in five children and up to 4 percent of adults. Eczema tends to develop most often among people who already have very dry, sensitive skin or a rundown immune system. In adults, symptoms are usually recurrent and more severe than in children, and research shows that infants and children can normally overcome eczema within the first several years of life.

While about 2 percent to 4 percent of all adults develop eczema, it’s much more common in babies and children, who tend to already have sensitive skin. Eczema symptoms are all related to inflammation that occurs on the very top layer of the skin. Once the barrier of the skin becomes damaged and dry skin, sensitivity and irritation can be hard to control.

Eczema affects the visible, very outer part of the skin called the corneal layer. The corneal layer is important for keeping the body protected from things like microbes or harmful bacteria that can enter through cuts and penetrate into deeper layers of the skin. Because it’s a protective layer, the corneal is constantly renewing itself, shedding old damaged cells and growing new, healthy ones in their place. This process helps keep the barrier of the skin strong and resilient in healthy people without eczema but becomes disrupted in those with eczema due to inflammation. When someone has eczema, the process of shedding and renewing corneal skin cells becomes disrupted for various reasons.

Tips to combat eczema symptoms includes generously moisturizing the skin and prevent loss of moisture so as to keep the skin plump and healthy. Avoid using harsh soaps and chemicals that may cause skin sensitivity, products with natural ingredients are more likely suitable for those with eczema. Reduce inflammation by using a gentle anti-bacterial soap which will help to eliminate the infections without damaging and drying the skin.

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